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The prehistoric deposits at the site were discovered and first excavated in 1864 by a local amateur prehistorian, Alphonse Tremeau de Rochebrune. Besides numerous stone tools, a few rare artifacts (lamps, harpoon, pendants, etc.) were exhumed, revealing the potential of this site. A new phase of field research, carried out by another local archaeologist, Pierre David, tool place between 1926, 1933 and 1947- 1959. It is during these investigations (1927-1929) that was unearthed the now famous frieze of carved animals.  In 1960-61, some scholars (Denise de Sonneville-Bordes and Francois Bordes), from the University of Bordeaux, carried out the first serious excavations at the site, anticipating the detailed and pluri-disciplinary field research led by Jean-Marc Bouvier (also from the University of Bordeaux) from 1966 to 1973. Since 1980, no scientific work, nor any effort of preservation/ conservation, at the site can be documented.