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In sum, the site of “La Chaire-a-Calvin” holds, for various reasons, a very crucial position in the prehistory of Southwest France. First, the most recent phase of excavations (by Bouvier) followed the most advanced and rigorous techniques of field world and recovery of archaeological evidence. Second, the whole collection from these latest excavations has been preserved in perfect conditions and is now curated in the museum of Fine Arts in Angouleme (Charente, France). Finally, this site is characterized by the association – in prehistoric (Magdalenian) times – of living areas with parietal art. This combination through is extremely rare. Cave art could have appeared in Southeast France (i.e Chauvet Cave) around 32,000-30,000 BP. Until the end of the Upper Paleolithic (ca. 11,000-10,000 BP), parietal art will be found almost exclusively in the dark and deep sections of underground caves. Yet starting at around 20,000 BP, a few sites (eg., Fourneaudu-Diable, Roc-de-Sers, Angles-surl’-Anglin, Cap-Blanc) in Southwest France would yield open-air art, in the form of low-relief friezes of animals carved on the wall of rock shelters. We do not know yet the meaning of this new trend in artistic expression. But the rock shelter of “La Chaire-a-Calvin is one of these rare and exceptional occurrences.

Yet despite the potential of these rich archaeological deposits and remains, a review of the literature published on this rock shelter reveals much attention to the parietal art, and very little to the other aspects of the life of these past hunter-gatherers. Moreover, these references are, for the most part, small notes or preliminary reports, published in local French journals. In other words, most of the archaeological work, requiring a long and tedious analysis of the various categories of artifacts in the laboratory, has not yet been carried out. Overall, the great potential of this prehistoric settlement await further studies to be fully exploited.